Friday, June 19, 2009
My ancestors were totally involved in the great Republican battle to end slavery (against both north and south democrats)
Juneteenth, thanks to the Republican Party June 19, 2009
Today, Americans celebrate Juneteeenth - when in 1865 slavery finally ended throughout the entire United States. Sadly, few people know that Juneteenth was a high water mark for African- Americans. Soon after that great day, the Democratic Party defeated the post-Civil War policies of the Republican Party, delaying the civil rights movement until the 1950s.
An important fact which most history books ignore is that Abraham Lincoln's 1864 running mate was a Democrat, Andrew Johnson of Tennessee. And so after Lincoln's assassination, it was a Democrat who would be President of the United States for the first four years of the Reconstruction era. That first President Johnson did all in his power to prevent African-Americans from experiencing Lincoln's "new birth of freedom."
It was in Texas where slavery finally ended. On June 19, 1865, U.S. troops commanded by General Gordon Granger landed at Galveston and brought some important news that the Democrats running the state had refused to tell their slaves, that they had been legally freed more than two years before by the Emancipation Proclamation (which had been opposed by most northern Democrats).
Granger's famous General Order Number 3 read: "The people of Texas are informed that in accordance with a Proclamation from the Executive of the United States, all slaves are free. This involves an absolute equality of rights and rights of property between former masters and slaves, and the connection heretofore existing between them becomes that between employer and free laborer."
General Granger then traveled around Texas to inform the African-Americans, still being held as slaves by their Democrat masters, that they were in fact free. Granger was a zealous advocate for full civil rights for African-Americans. Too zealous, it turned out, for President Andrew Johnson. On August 6, 1865, just seven weeks after his arrival, Granger was relieved from command in Texas by President Johnson. That same month, Johnson removed nearly all African- Americans from the U.S. army.
Any army officer who exerted himself too much in defense of African-Americans was out of a job. For this reason, President Johnson dismissed the conscientious Phil Sheridan, who had sent General Granger to Galveston, from command in Texas and Louisiana. Sheridan's replacement was General Winfield Hancock, who then allowed white supremacist thugs a free hand. Hancock became the Democratic Party's presidential candidate in 1880.
From underground cultural resistance movement hero Michael Zak
Thank you, Michael
Posted by moderationist at 5:38 AM